Tag Archives: travis

Analyzing Eclipse plug-in projects with Sonarqube

In this tutorial I’m going to show how to analyze multiple Eclipse plug-in projects with Sonarqube. In particular, I’m going to focus on peculiarities that have to be taken care of due to the standard way Sonarqube analyzes sources and to the structure of typical Eclipse plug-in projects (concerning tests and code coverage).

The code of this example is available on Github: https://github.com/LorenzoBettini/tycho-sonarqube-example

This can be seen as a follow-up of my previous post on “Jacoco code coverage and report of multiple Eclipse plug-in projects. I’ll basically reuse almost the same structure of that example and a few things. The part of Jacoco report is not related to Sonarqube but I’ll leave it there.

The structure of the projects is as follows:

Each project’s code is tested in a specific .tests project. The code consists of simple Java classes doing nothing interesting, and tests just call that code.

The project example.tests.parent contains all the common configurations for test projects (and test report, please refer to my previous post on “Jacoco code coverage and report of multiple Eclipse plug-in projects for the details of this report project, which is not strictly required for Sonarqube).

This is its pom

Note that this also shows a possible way of dealing with custom argLine for tycho-surefire configuration: tycho.testArgLine will be automatically set the jacoco:prepare-agent goal, with the path of jacoco agent (needed for code coverage); the property tycho.testArgLine is automatically used by tycho-surefire. But if you have a custom configuration of tycho-surefire with additional arguments you want to pass in argLine, you must be careful not to overwrite the value set by jacoco. If you simply refer to tycho.testArgLine in the custom tycho-surefire configuration’s argLine, it will work when the jacoco profile is active but it will fail when it is not active since that property will not exist. Don’t try to define it as an empty property by default, since when tycho-surefire runs it will use that empty value, ignoring the one set by jacoco:prepare-agent (argLine’s properties are resolved before jacoco:prepare-agent is executed). Instead, use another level of indirection: refer to a new property, e.g., additionalTestArgLine, which by default is empty. In the jacoco profile, set additionalTestArgLine referring to tycho.testArgLine (in that profile, that property is surely set by jacoco:prepare-agent). Then, in the custom argLine, refer to additionalTestArgLine. An example is shown in the project example.plugin2.tests pom:

You can check that code coverage works as expected by running (it’s important to verify that jacoco has been configured correctly in your projects before running Sonarqube analysis: if it’s not working in Sonarqube then it’s something wrong in the configuration for Sonarqube, not in the jacoco configuration, as we’ll see in a minute):

Mare sure that example.tests.report/target/site/jacoco-aggregate/index.html reports some code coverage (in this example, example.plugin1 has some code uncovered by intention).

Now I assume you already have Sonarqube installed.

Let’s run a first Sonarqube analysis with

This is the result:

So Unit Tests are correctly collected! What about Code Coverage? Something is shown, but if you click on that you see some bad surprises:

Code coverage only on tests (which is irrelevant) and no coverage for our SUT (Software Under Test) classes!

That’s because jacoco .exec files are by default generated in the target folder of the tests project, now when Sonarqube analyzes the projects:

  • it finds the jacoco.exec file when it analyzes a tests project but can only see the sources of the tests project (not the ones of the SUT)
  • when it analyzes a SUT project it cannot find any jacoco.exec file.

We could fix this by configuring the maven jacoco plugin to generate jacoco.exec in the SUT project, but then the aggregate report configuration should be updated accordingly (while it works out of the box with the defaults). Another way of fixing the problem is to use the Sonarqube maven property sonar.jacoco.reportPaths and “trick” Sonarqube like that (we do that in the parent pom properties section):

This way, when it analyzes example.plugin1 it will use the jacoco.exec found in example.plugin1.tests project (if you follow the convention foo and foo.tests this works out of the box, otherwise, you have to list all the jacoco.exec paths in all the projects in that property, separated by comma).

Let’s run the analysis again:

OK, now code coverage is collected on the SUT classes as we wanted. Of course, now test classes appear as uncovered (remember, when it analyzes example.plugin1.tests it now searchs for jacoco.exec in example.plugin1.tests.tests, which does not even exist).

This leads us to another problem: test classes should be excluded from Sonarqube analysis. This works out of the box in standard Maven projects because source folders of SUT and source folders of test classes are separate and in the same project (that’s also why code coverage for pure Maven projects works out of the box in Sonarqube); this is not the case for Eclipse projects, where SUT and tests are in separate projects.

In fact, issues are reported also on test classes:

We can fix both problems by putting in the tests.parent pom properties these two Sonarqube properties (note the link to the Eclipse bug about this behavior)

This will be inherited by our tests projects and for those projects, Sonarqube will not analyze test classes.

Run the analysis again and see the results: code coverage only on SUT and issues only on SUT (remember that in this example MyClass1 is not uncovered completely by intention):

You might be tempted to use the property sonar.skip set to true for test projects, but you will use JUnit test reports collection.

The final bit of customization is to exclude the Main.java class from code coverage. We have already configured the jacoco maven plugin to do so, but this won’t be picked up by Sonarqube (that configuration only tells jacoco to skip that class when it generates the HTML report).

We have to repeat that exclusion with a Sonarqube maven property, in the parent pom:

Note that in the jacoco maven configuration we had excluded a .class file, while here we exclude Java files.

Run the analysis again and Main is not considered in code coverage:

Now you can have fun in fixing Sonarqube issues, which is out of the scope of this tutorial 🙂

This example is also analyzed from Travis using Sonarcloud (https://sonarcloud.io/dashboard?id=example%3Aexample.parent).

Hope you enjoyed this tutorial and Happy new year! 🙂


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JaCoCo Code Coverage and Report of multiple Eclipse plug-in projects

In this tutorial I’ll show how to use Jacoco with Maven/Tycho to create a code coverage report of multiple Eclipse plug-in projects.

The code of the example is available here: https://github.com/LorenzoBettini/tycho-multiproject-jacoco-report-example.

This is the structure of the projects:


Each project’s code is tested in a specific .tests project. The code consists of simple Java classes doing nothing interesting, and tests just call that code.

The Maven parent pom file is written such that Jacoco is enabled only when the profile “jacoco” is explicitly activated:

This is just an example of configuration; you might want to tweak it as you see fit for your own projects (in this example I also created a Main.java with a main method that I exclude from the coverage). By default, the jacoco-maven-plugin will “prepare” the Jacoco agent in the property tycho.testArgLine (since our test projects are Maven projects with packaging eclipse-plugin-test); since tycho.testArgLine is automatically used by the tycho-surefire-plugin and since we have no special test configuration, the pom.xml of our test projects is just as simple as this:

if you need a custom configuration, then you have to explicitly mention ${tycho.testArgLine} in the <argLine>.

Now we want to create an aggregate Jacoco report for the classes in plugin1 and plugin2 projects (tested by plugin1.tests and plugin2.tests, respectively); each test project will generate a jacoco.exec file with coverage information. Before Jacoco 0.7.7, creating an aggregate report wasn’t that easy and required to store all coverage data in a single an .exec file and then use an ant task (with a manual configuration specifying all the source file and class file paths). In 0.7.7, the jacoco:report-aggregate has been added, which makes creating a report really easy!

Here’s an excerpt of the documentation:

Creates a structured code coverage report (HTML, XML, and CSV) from multiple projects within reactor. The report is created from all modules this project depends on. From those projects class and source files as well as JaCoCo execution data files will be collected. […] This also allows to create coverage reports when tests are in separate projects than the code under test. […]

Using the dependency scope allows to distinguish projects which contribute execution data but should not become part of the report:

  • compile: Project source and execution data is included in the report.
  • test: Only execution data is considered for the report.

So it’s just a matter of creating a separate project (I called that example.tests.report) where we:

  • configure the report-aggregate goal (in this example I bind that to the verify phase)
  • add as dependencies with scope compile the projects containing the actual code and with scope test the projects containing the tests and .exec data

That’s all!

Now run this command in the example.parent project:

and when the build terminates, you’ll find the HTML code coverage report for all your projects in the directory (again, you can configure jacoco with a different output path, that’s just the default):



Since, besides the HTML report, jacoco will create an XML report, you can use any tool that keeps track of code coverage, like the online free solution Coveralls (https://coveralls.io/). Coveralls is automatically accessible from Travis (I assume that you know how to connect your github projects to Travis and Coveralls). So we just need to configure the coveralls-maven-plugin with the path of the Jacoco xml report (I’m doing this in the parent pom, in the pluginManagement section in the jacoco profile):

And here’s the Travis file:

This is the coveralls page for the example project https://coveralls.io/github/LorenzoBettini/tycho-multiproject-jacoco-report-example. And an example of coverage information:


That’s all!

Happy coverage! 🙂

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Running SWTBot tests in Travis

The problem I was having when running SWTBot tests in Travis CI was that I could not use the new container-based infrastructure of Travis, which allows to cache things like the local maven repository. This was not possible since to run SWTBot tests you need a Window Manager (in Linux, you can use metacity), and so you had to install it during the Travis build; this requires sudo and using sudo prevents the use of the container-based infrastructure. Not using the cache means that each build would download all the maven artifacts from the start.

Now things have changed 🙂

When running in the container-based infrastructure, you’re still allowed to use Travis’  APT sources and packages extensions, as long as the package you need is in their whitelist. Metacity was not there, but I opened a request for that, and now metacity is available 🙂

Now you can use the container-based infrastructure and install metacity together (note that you won’t be able to cache installed apt packages, so each time the build runs, metacity will have to be reinstalled, but installing metacity is much faster than downloading all the Maven/Tycho artifacts).

The steps to run SWTBot tests in Travis can be summarized as follows:

I left the old steps “before_install” commented out, just as a comparison.

  • “sudo: false” enables the container based infrastructure
  • “cache:” ensures that the Maven repository is cached
  • “env:” enables the use of graphical display
  • “addons:apt:packages” uses the extensions that allow you to install whitelisted APT packages (metacity in our case).
  • “before_script:” starts the virtual framebuffer and then metacity.

Then, you can specify the Maven command to run your build (here are some examples:

Happy SWTBot testing! 🙂



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